What is a face mask used for
How To Wear Face Mask Blue White - Facemasks help limit the spread of germs. When someone talks, coughs, or sneezes they may release tiny drops into the air that can infect others. If someone is ill a face masks can reduce the number of germs that the wearer releases and can protect other people from becoming sick. A face mask also protects the wearer's nose and mouth from splashes or sprays of body fluids.
When should a face mask be worn
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Consider wearing a face mask when you are sick with a cough or sneezing illness (with or without fever) and you expect to be around other people. The face mask will help protect them from catching your illness. Healthcare settings have specific rules for when people should wear face masks.
How to put on and remove a face mask
Disposable face masks should be used once and then thrown in the trash. You should also remove and replace masks when they become moist.
Always follow product instructions on use and storage of the mask, and procedures for how to put on and remove a mask. If instructions for putting on and removing the mask are not available, then follow the steps below.
How to put on a face mask1 Clean your hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer before touching the mask.
2 Remove a mask from the box and make sure there are no obvious tears or holes in either side of the mask.
3 Determine which side of the mask is the top. The side of the mask that has a stiff bendable edge is the top and is meant to mold to the shape of your nose.
4 Determine which side of the mask is the front. The colored side of the mask is usually the front and should face away from you, while the white side touches your face.
Follow the instructions below for the type of mask you are using.
Face Mask with Ear loops: Hold the mask by the ear loops. Place a loop around each ear.
Face Mask with Ties: Bring the mask to your nose level and place the ties over the crown of your head and secure with a bow.
Face Mask with Bands: Hold the mask in your hand with the nosepiece or top of the mask at fingertips, allowing the headbands to hang freely below hands. Bring the mask to your nose level and pull the top strap over your head so that it rests over the crown of your head. Pull the bottom strap over your head so that it rests at the nape of your neck.
6 Mold or pinch the stiff edge to the shape of your nose.
7 If using a face mask with ties: Then take the bottom ties, one in each hand, and secure with a bow at the nape of your neck.
8 Pull the bottom of the mask over your mouth and chin.
How to remove a face mask1 Clean your hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer before touching the mask.
2 Avoid touching the front of the mask. The front of the mask is contaminated. Only touch the ear loops/ties/band.
Follow the instructions below for the type of mask you are using.
Face Mask with Ear loops: Hold both of the ear loops and gently lift and remove the mask.
Face Mask with Ties: Untie the bottom bow first then untie the top bow and pull the mask away from you as the ties are loosened.
Face Mask with Bands: Lift the bottom strap over your head first then pull the top strap over your head.
4 Throw the mask in the trash.
5 Clean your hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer.
Question: Does the white or blue side of a surgical mask touch my face?
Answer: There are two sides of the surgical mask which are white and blue. The white side contains filter and if you have flu, it should be attached to your face so that the blue side faces out so as to prevent the germs from spreading outwards. If you are not ill, the white side ought to be facing out to protect micro-organism from the environment to come into contact with you.
Even if you didn't understand a thing about the diagram up there, you'll at least notice the main points:
1. The outer and innermost layers are WATER RESISTANT (NOT FILTERING!), meaning to prevent saliva and mucous going OUT, and blood or other bodily fluids getting IN. If you're buying cheap 3 ply surgical masks, chances are these two layers are IDENTICAL. The "premium" masks with "Air-laid" paper some brands offer is just to make it feel softer to your skin, and possibly absorb more moisture than the rest. This is good when you are trying to prevent droplets from going out of the mask.
2. The MIDDLE layer, is the real filter layer. It filters particles and droplets BOTH ways, to prevent germs from the wearer from going OUT, and to prevent germs and droplets from outside to come IN contact with the wearer.
3. Of course if you can identify the proper side to be out or in, that will be best. Just don't fret too much if you don't ;)
So the argument that during haze season, the white (or inner side of the mask should be outside) is TOTALLY invalid!
But wait, there is another popular belief going on.
The Singaporeans are saying that surgical masks are USELESS against the haze, as the particles can be as small as 100nm, and only the N95 masks can be of any use.
This statement, is half true. While nobody doubts that the N95 particulate filter is MUCH more efficient in filtering particles, there ARE a lot of points supporting the use of a surgical mask as well.
1. Surgical masks are not USELESS. They're just not as good as the N95s. Below is an Excerpt of the comparison done by 3M company between an N95 mask and a regular 3 ply surgical mask.
It basically means that if the surgical mask is of good quality, it may still be less than 70% effective when compared to the gold standard of N95 masks.
While we're not jumping for joy, 70% is not too bad when compared to zero percent protection from the haze! SOME protection is better than NO protection right? The FULL 3M comparison can be viewed at the end of this article.
2. N95 masks are only useful when FITTED RIGHT. And we mean 100% right. Below are some examples of the way MOST people wear their N95 masks.
This happened in our Sungai Ara Branch. A wealthy lady about the age of 60 walked in and wanted to buy MORE N95 masks. The picture above was how she was wearing the mask, with the entire nose above the mask. Needless to say, she was merely wasting good masks, and of course, wasting her money.
But even the "Professionals" get it wrong. Below are a few photos I grabbed from sites selling N95 respirators.
That "GAP", will have made this mask totally useless against the haze, or any other mater. An N95 mask needs to be "test fitted" after being worn, and I can assure you 90% of our public won't practise this, or simply don't know this. The following pic is a simplified sample of how you should put your N95 mask on.
3. N95 masks make it HARD TO BREATHE (or at least harder to breathe). I have customers who take their masks on and off throughout the day just because they feel "Pening" or dizzy if they wear it for long periods of time. It takes some getting use to for people to really be able to endure N95 masks for the whole day. Trust me, it's not fun.
4. N95 masks are not cheap. Because they cost more, a lot of my customers tend to REUSE them. They just can't accept the fact that a mask that costs around RM6 can only be worn once, and chucked just like that. It's not going to be very affordable to a big portion of our population too.
How To Wear Face Mask Blue White - So in conclusion, N95 Masks are NOT BAD. They are in fact the best particulate mask that you can buy in a local Pharmacy. But if you're going to use it, make sure it Fits well, make sure you are able to Breathe well, and make sure you don't reuse it. If not, you'll still be better off with the 70% protection you get from a regular surgical mask.